Ilam is the far eastern district of Nepal which is inhabited by people of different culture and nature living together peacefully. Ilam is located on the foothills of Mount Kanchanjunga.Ilam also acts as the headquarters of Ilam District and Mechi zone. Geographically it lies in the hilly region which is mostly known as Mahabharata range. It is also one of the important town in Mechi zone and one of the major place in Nepal for tea-production. It is famous for natural scenery and landscapes, tea production, and diverse agricultural economy. It is one of the major horticultural crop production districts of Nepal. We can find large land of lush-green tea gardens in Ilam and the rolling hills covered with tea leaves are simply wonderful. Greenery is all over the hills of Ilam all around the year. Ilam Tea Garden is situated near Ilam Bazaar and Kanyam Tea Garden located between Terai plain and Ilam Bazaar. There are many places for trekking in Ilam and these places give us feeling of relaxation and enjoyment.
According to 2011 Nepal census, the total population in Ilam was 2,90,254 and the main inhabitants of Ilam were Limbu, Rai, Yakkha, Lepcha, Newar, Magar, Tamang, Chettri, Brahmin, Sunuwar and Gurung.
Started from 1920 B.S., tea farming is the historical heritage of Ilam. In recent days, herbs, medicinal plants and floriculture has taken the place of alternative cash crops. Ilam is known for its six A’s and are Alu (Potato), Alan (Milk), Alainchi (Cardamom), Aduwa (Ginger), Amriso (Broom Grass), and Akabare khursani (Round Chillies),etc. although tea, bamboo, flowers and silk are also produced in Ilam.
Ilam bazaar has got haat on Sundays and Thursdays every week.
Ilam municipality is also known for its innovations in environmentalism. In 2010, the municipality became the first one in Nepal to ban plastic bags from the market, this is the great success all over the Nepal. The district also set aside 38 ropanis (>19,000 square metres) of land in the same year for processing degradable waste.
It is cold and freezing in the winter, mild warm in summer and fog in the monsoon season. Many tourists come to Ilam for sight seeing of the natural beauty. In the context of climate, it is the best district of Nepal for living. From tourism viewpoint, Ilam can be viewed as LAND FOR ALL SEASON.